Senin, 20 September 2010

The Tank Killer

berikut ini adalah beberapa jenis senjata anti tak yang digunakan untuk menghancurkan "si moster baja" pada masa perang dunia ke II :

Tipe Towed Anti Tank Guns

canon de 25 mm SA mle 1934
25 mm SA mle 1934 Saumur 01.jpg
25 SA 34 preserved at Musée des Blindés
Type Anti-tank gun
Place of origin  France
Service history
Used by France, UK, Germany
Wars WW2
Specifications
Weight 480 kg (1,058 lbs)
Barrel length 72

Shell AP
Caliber 25 x 193.5 R mm
Rate of fire 15 to 20 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 918 m/s (3,012 ft/s)
Effective range 1,000 m (1,093 yds)

3.7 cm Pak 36
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-299-1831-26, Nordfrankreich, Soldaten mit Geschütz.jpg
3.7 cm Pak 36
Type Anti-tank gun
Place of origin  Nazi Germany
Service history
Used by  Nazi Germany
Wars Chinese Civil War
Spanish Civil War
World War II
Production history
Designer Rheinmetall
Manufacturer Rheinmetal
Unit cost 2,579$
Specifications
Weight travelling 450 kg (970 lb)/action 327 kg (723 lb)
Length 1.66 m (5.44 ft)
Width 1.65 m (5.44 ft)
Height 1.17 m (3.83 ft)
Diameter 37 mm
Crew 2

Shell 37 × 249 mm. R
Caliber 37 mm (1.45 in) L/45
Barrels 65.5 in
Elevation -5° to +25°
Traverse 30° degrees right and left
Rate of fire 13 rpm
Muzzle velocity 762 m/s (2,500 ft/s)
Effective range 300 m (328 yds)
Maximum range 5,484 m (5,997 yds)

Ordnance QF 2 pounder
AT-gun-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg
The QF 2 pounder in Batey ha-Osef Museum, Israel. Note the folded legs of the carriage.
Type Anti-tank gun
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1936–1945
Used by  United Kingdom
 Australia
 Belgium
 Ireland
 Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designed 1936
Manufacturer Vickers
Produced 1936–1944
Specifications
Weight 814 kg (1,794 lbs)
Barrel length overall: 2.08 m (52 calibres)
bore: 2.00 m (50 calibres)

Shell 40×304 mm. R
Calibre 40 mm (1.57 in)
Breech semiautomatic vertical block
Recoil hydrospring
Carriage three-leg platform
Elevation -13° to +15°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 22 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity 792 m/s (2,600 ft/s) with AP shot
Effective range 914 m (1,000 yds)
Sights No.24b

5 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 38 (L/60)
Pak38 cfb borden 2.JPG
PaK 38
Type Anti-Tank Gun
Place of origin  Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1940–1945
Used by Germany
Wars Second World War
Production history
Designed 1938
Manufacturer Rheinmetall-Borsig
Produced 1940–1945
Specifications
Weight 830 kg (1,829.84 lb)
Length 4.75 m (15.6 ft)
Barrel length 60 calibers, 3 m (9.8 ft)
Width 1.85 m (6 ft 0.8 in)
Height 1.05 m (3 ft 5.3 in)
Crew 5

Shell 50×419 mm. R
5 cm Pzgr.
5 cm Pzgr.39
5 cm Pzgr.40
5 cm Pzgr.40/1
Sprgr. Pak 38
Caliber 50 mm (2.0 in)
Action Semi-automatic
Breech Horizontal sliding wedge
Carriage Split-trail
Elevation -8°–±27°
Traverse 65°
Rate of fire 13 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 550-1,130 m/s (−3,157 ft/s)
Feed system Manual
Sights Z.F. 3x8°

90 mm M1A1
90mm M1 AAgun CFB Borden.jpg
90 mm M1 at CFB Borden
Type Anti-Aircraft gun
Place of origin  United States
Service history
In service 1940 -
Used by  United States
Wars Second World War
Specifications
Weight 8.618 metric tons
Barrel length 53 calibers

Shell 90×600 mm. R
Caliber 90 mm.
Carriage mobile
Rate of fire 20 rpm
Muzzle velocity 823 m/s
Effective range Maximum horizontal 17,823 m
Maximum slant
Ceiling 10,380 m
12.8 cm Pak 44
Krupp K 44 2.jpg
Pak 44 in firing position
Type Heavy anti-tank gun
Place of origin  Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1944—1945
Used by  Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Krupp
Designed 1943
Manufacturer Krupp
Produced 1944
Number built 51 (approx)
Specifications
Weight 10,160 kilograms (22,400 lb)
Barrel length 7.023 metres (276.5 in) L/55

Shell semi-fixed
Shell weight 28 kilograms (62 lb) (HE)
28.3 kilograms (62 lb) (AP)
Caliber 128 millimetres (5.0 in)
Breech semi-automatic horizontal sliding-block
Recoil Hydropneumatic
Carriage cruciform
Elevation -7° 51' to +45° 27'
Traverse 360°
Muzzle velocity 935 metres per second (3,070 ft/s)
Maximum range 24,410 metres (26,700 yd)


Tipe Self-Propelled
Self propelled Anti tank guns adalah meriam anti tank yang dipasangkan di kendaraan

Jagdpanzer IV/48
SdKfz162.jpg
The 0 Serie pre-production vehicle at Deutsches Panzermuseum in Munster, Germany
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin Germany
Specifications
Weight 24 tonnes (52,910 lbs)
Length 6.85 m (22 ft 6 in)
Width 3.17 m (10 ft 5 in)
Height 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
Crew 4

Armor 10-80 mm (.39-3.14 in)
Primary
armament
1x 7.5 cm PaK 39 L/48
79 rounds
Secondary
armament
1x 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
600 rounds
Engine Maybach HL 120 TRM
300 hp (223.71 kW)
Power/weight 12.5 hp/tonne
Suspension Leaf springs
Operational
range
210 km (130 mph)
Speed 40 km/h (25 mph)

Charioteer
Charioteer-latrun-2.jpg
Charioteer tank destroyer.
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Service history
In service -
Used by British Army
Wars Operation Litani Lebanese civil war
Production history
Manufacturer Robinson and Kershaw Ltd, Cheshire
Number built 442[1]
Specifications

Primary
armament
Ordnance QF 20 pounder
Suspension Improved Christie

SU-85
Czerniaków SU-85.JPG
SU-85 tank destroyer in Polish Army Museum.
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1943 - ? (out of service)
Production history
Designer Lew S. Trojanow
Designed 1943
Produced mid-1943 - late 1944
Number built 2,050
Variants See Variants section
Specifications
Weight 29.6 tonnes (65,256 lbs)
Length 8.15 m (27 ft) overall
6.10 m (20 ft) hull only
Width 3.00 m (9.84 ft)
Height 2.45 m (8 ft)
Crew 4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)

Armor 45 mm(1.77 in)
Primary
armament
85 mm (3.34 in) D-5T gun
Secondary
armament
none
Engine V-2 12-cylinder diesel
503 hp (375 kW)
Power/weight 17 hp/tonne (12.7 kW/tonne)
Suspension Christie
Ground clearance 400 mm (1.31 ft)
Fuel capacity 540 l
810 l - 900 l (with additional fuel tanks)
Operational
range
400 km (248 mi) (road)
Speed 55 km/h (34 mph) (road)

Panzerjäger Tiger (P) Ferdinand/Elefant
Elefant USAOM-01.jpg
The United States Army Ordnance Museum's restored Elefant.
Type Heavy tank destroyer
Place of origin  Nazi Germany
Production history
Designer Dr. Ferdinand Porsche
Designed 1942-43
Manufacturer Porsche AG
Produced 1943-44
Number built 91
Specifications
Weight 65 tonnes (140,000 lb)
Length 8.14 m (26.7 ft) with gun
Width 3.38 m (11.1 ft)
Height 2.97 m (9.7 ft)
Crew 6 (driver, radio-operator, commander, gunner, two loaders)

Armor 200 mm (7.87 in)
Primary
armament
8.8 cm PaK 43/2 L/71, also known as StuK 43/1
Secondary
armament
7.92 mm MG 34 machine gun (after modification)
Engine Maybach HL 120 petrol
2×300 hp (2×220 kW)
Power/weight 9 hp/tonne
Suspension longitudinal torsion-bar
Operational
range
150 km (93 mi) road
90 km (56 mi) cross-country
Speed 30 kilometres per hour (19 mph)


Jagdtiger Sd. Kfz. 186
Jagdtiger ussr 1945.jpg
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin Germany Nazi Germany
Production history
Number built 88
Specifications
Weight 71.7 tonnes (158,000 lb)
(Henschel suspension)
Length 10.65 m (34.9 ft)
including gun
Width 3.6 m (12 ft)
Height 2.8 m (9.2 ft)
Crew 6

Armor 250 mm (9.84 in)
Primary
armament
1x 12.8 cm PaK 44 L/55
Secondary
armament
1x 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
Engine V-12 Maybach HL 230 P30
700 PS (690 hp, 515 kW)
Power/weight 9.76 PS/tonne
Suspension torsion bar
Operational
range
120 km (75 mi) road
80 km (50 mi) offroad
Speed 34 km/h (21 mph)

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