Minggu, 27 Desember 2009

Aerospatiale / Eurocopter SA 332 Super Puma / AS 532 Cougar


Designation: Aerospatiale / Eurocopter SA 332 Super Puma / AS 532 Cougar
Classification Type: Multirole Medium Lift Helicopter
Contractor: Aerospatiale / Eurocopter - France
Country of Origin: France
Initial Year of Service: 1982
Number Built: Not Available




Seri Super Puma Aerospatiale ini berasal dari seri Puma Eurocopter/Aerospatiale Puma tetapi mempunyai kabin baru diperpanjang dan mesin baru. Super Puma, datang di bawah label Eurocopter pada tahun 1992, kemudian terlihat berhasil pada berbagai tanda dan varian. Helikopter ini masih beroperasidi seluruh dunia dalam berbagai bentuk.

Penerbangan pertama Super Puma terjadi pada tahun 1978. Sistem dipasangi dengan mesin serbaguna Turbomeca turboshaft yang memutar rotor utama empat-bilah dan rotor ekor empat-bilah tradisional. Helikopter ini diawaki oleh satu atau dua personil dan dapat membawa 29 personil dalam pengaturan ruang kabin longgar. Varian Super Puma memungkinkan untuk melakukan peran pada saat perang maupun damai. Pod senapan, roket dan misil dapat dipasang secara eksternal, serta peralatan untuk peran anti-kapal. Sebuah senapan juga dapat dipasang di pintu kabin untuk keamanan tambahan.

Operator dari seluruh dunia telah terlihat puas dengan Super Puma, Indonesia bahkan memproduksi (di bawah lisensi) beberapa helikopter ini. Operator lainnyatersebar dari Samudra Pasifik, Afrika, Timur Tengah, dan Eropa. Dalam bentuk apapun, Super Puma meneruskan keberhasilan dari seri Puma SA 330.




Specifications: Aerospatiale / Eurocopter AS 532U2 Cougar Mk II

Dimensions:
Length: 51.02ft (15.55m)
Width: 60.01ft (18.29m)
Height: 16.11ft (4.91m)

Performance:
Max Speed: 170mph (273kmh; 147kts)
Max Range: 494miles (795km)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,260ft/min (384m/min)
Ceiling: 13,448ft (4,099m; 2.5miles)

Structure:
Accommodation: 2 + 29
Hardpoints: 2
Empty Weight: 10,902lbs (4,945kg)
MTOW: 21,493lbs (9,749kg)

Power:
Engine(s): 2 x Trubomeca Makila 1A2 turboshaft engines generating 1,845shp while driving a four-blade main rotor and tail rotor.

Weapons Suite:
Optional armament can include any of the following:
7.62mm Gun Pods
Rocket Pods
AM 39 Exocet Anti-Ship Missiles
Air-to-Suface Missiles (Various)
Cabin Door Machine Guns (Pintle Mounts)

Operators:
Argentina, Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, China, Ecuador, France, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Mexico, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, UAE and Venezuela.

Variants:
SA 330 "Puma" - Initial Puma Series Helicopter on which the Super Puma series is based on.
SA 332 "Super Puma" - Main Series Designation; Further development of base Puma series with stretched fuselage and new engines; fitted with Makila turboshaft engines.
AS 332M - Fitted with uprated Makila 1A1 powerplants.
AS 332L - Civilian Designation based on the militarized AS 332M model.
AS 532 "Cougar" Mk I - Redesignated militarized Super Pumas with Eurocopter from 1992 onwards.
AS 532MC "Cougar" Mk I - Search and Rescue Variant; short fuselage model series.
AS 532SC "Cougar" Mk I - Short fuselage model series; anti-submarine variant.
AS 532U2 "Cougar" Mk II - Unarmed Cougar Model.
AS 532A2 "Cougar" Mk II - Search and Rescue Model.
AS 532L2 "Cougar" Mk II - Civil Model Variant; stretched fuselage; extra seating; extended main rotor blades.
AS 532 "Cougar 100" - Fixed landing gear; simplifications added throughout.
EC 725 - Larger cabin; five-blade main rotor system; fitted with Makila 1A4 turboshaft engines; increased take-off weight; improved avionics package.
EC 225 - Civil Variant based on the militarized EC 725 model.


Diterjemahkan secara bebas dari: www.militaryfactory.com

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